Red Valerian, Jupiter's Beard
Scientific Name: Centranthus ruber
Synonym: Valeriana ruber
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Recommended Temperature Zone:|
Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade
Origin: Mediterranean region
Growth Habits: Herbaceous perennial, 1.5 to 3 feet tall (45-90 cm), 1 to 2 feet in spread (30-60 cm)
Watering Needs: Medium moisture, well-drained soil
Propagation: Seeds or root divisions, self seed and can become invasive
The genus name, Centranthus, is derived from the Greek for "spur-flower", in reference to the spurred flowers in this genus.
The Red Valerian is invasive in parts of the west coast of the United States
Numerous red, pink, and / or white funnel shaped flowers in cymose inflorescences on erect stems, rising above the foliage to 3 feet tall (90 cm). They are attractive to insects and bees. The Red Valerian has dandelion-like seed heads which are dispersed around the landscape by the wind, the fruit is ribbed, 3-4 mm long.